Ambulant Toilet Cubicle
Easily accessible sanitary facilities in any commercial washrooms ensure differently-abled people can conveniently use your commercial washrooms. An example of one such facility is an Ambulant Toilet. The term ‘ambulant’ is used to describe a patient who is acclimated to moving around but not restricted to a bed or wheelchair.
To make sure differently-abled people are not excluded, you should consider the provision of ambulant sanitary facilities, their function or use in a building, and the number and gender of occupants- while also fulfilling the size requirements.
While ambulant patients do not require the accessibility of equipment such as a wheelchair within the WC, they may still need specific support and aiding instruments within the toilet. An ambulant toilet meets this need.
What is an Ambulant Toilet Cubicle?
An Ambulant Toilet Cubicle is a facility specifically designated for people with ambulant abilities (such as people with arthritis or people who use a walking frame). People with ambulant abilities may find it challenging to lower and raise from the toilet pan. However, people with ambulant abilities do not require the full circulation space like people who use wheelchairs. You can say that ambulant toilets are like a halfway mix between a regular toilet and a WC for differently-abled people.
Essential Facets of an Ambulant Toilets
Ambulant Toilets should feature certain attributes in order to be defined as an “ambulant toilet.” In order to build an ambulant toilet, you should fulfil certain requirements that are found in Part F2.4(c) of the BCA (Building Code of Australia). The Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB) tackles issues relating to safety, health, amenity, and sustainability in building design and building performance. The ABCB addresses these issues through the National Construction Code (NCC).
According to the BCA, unisex ambulant toilets are mandatory in commercial buildings in addition to the accessible unisex sanitary compartments. Both the ambulant toilet and a sanitary compartment must be provided for use by males and females. A unisex ambulant toilet and sanitary compartment must contain a closet pan, washbasin, shelf, or benchtop and adequate means of disposal of sanitary towels. In a building, the number of ambulant toilets should not be less than one on each floor.
Ambulant Toilet Cubicle Layouts and Dimensions
Ambulant toilets are not unlike a normal cubicle, but they have some specific requirements. Listed below are ambulant toilet requirements-
- 900 mm x 900 mm minimum clear circulation spaces are required for ambulant toilets at doorways for both inward and outward opening of airlock and cubicle doorways.
- 900-920 mm width inside the cubicle.
- Ambulant toilets should also feature accessible signage on the cubicle door.
- Grab rails on each side of the ambulant toilet cubicle should be present. Each grab rail should be able to withstand a force of applied 1100N at any position.
- The toilet pan should have a 610-660mm projection from the rear to the front of the toilet pan.
- The toilet pan seat should have a 460-480mm height range above the finished floor level (same as an accessible toilet).
- Ambulant toilets should have a toilet roll holder in an accessible position (same as an accessible toilet).
- There should be a minimum clear opening of 700mm in the ambulant cubicle doorway.
- The handle of the snib catches requires a minimum length of 45 mm from the center of the spindle.
- There must be a coat hook within the cubicle.
- Ambulant toilets should have a 45mm long privacy locking snib lock lever.
- The washbasin for ambulant toilets must be outside the 900mm x 900mm circulation spaces.
Difference between Ambulant and Accessible Facilities
Simply put, ambulant toilets are specifically designed for people with ambulant abilities. They do not require the extra space that accessible toilets provide. Ambulant toilets are primarily for those who do not require the use of a wheelchair. People with sensory loss or arthritis or people who require a walking frame can use them.
Accessible toilets, on the other hand, are designed to provide enough space for wheelchair access. They provide enough space for assistance when transferring people from a wheelchair to the toilet. Accessible toilets feature lower-positioned mirrors and washbasins, contrasting toilet seat colours, grab rails, and braille signage.
Conditions when Ambulant Toilet Facility is Required
Whilst each building classification requires different ratio conditions for general sanitary facility provision, listed below are general examples of conditions when ambulant toilets are required for café/restaurant use-
- There is no requirement for sanitary facilities for patron use where you have less than 20 patrons.
- You must provide at least one (minimum) unisex accessible toilet where you have less than ten staff.
- Where you have more than 20 and less than 50 patrons, you must include a minimum of one Accessible toilet, and the unisex male and female closet pan must be Ambulant compliant. If so, you do not require an additional facility for staff to use the provided patron sanitary facilities.
- Where you exceed 50 patrons, you need to provide ambulant and accessible toilet facilities, in addition to the standard sanitary cubicle.
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